In these days I happened to read a on the Nigerian mafia. Authoritative national newspapers, even in the pages of in-depth analysis, have ventured into the usual idiot and criminal attempt of adding fuel to the fire by exploiting the case of Macerata.
Premise, I will never go directly into the real investigative context because I think that cases like this in question should be treated in the most categorical way aside of the involvement of the fact itself: who is guilty and how he acted belong to the police. At most, once cleared the media's confusion, we will be affected by the reasons of the action.
But as long as these conditions are not in place, it is certainly much more important, and I would say decisive, to understand the fact in itself starting from the data that are certainly available to us objectively. And, in the case in question, leaving out the victim (who still has its value as a passive figure of crime but of which I do not intend to deal with), I will focus, for now, exclusively on the Nigerian mafia.
The Nigerian mafia, in its current and well-known configuration, as I will try to argue, can be said to be a typical criminal mafia phenomenon, according to the canons that the Italian legislator has crystallized in article 416 / bis of the penal code to affect the various local mafias . Without entering into technicalities, a mafia is such when it is capable of expressing an intimidating force that derives from the associative bond to obtain the subjugation of the victim, that is to say by prevailing over free will.
Mafias represent a phenomenon essentially of an economic nature with political implications and therefore social repercussions, and the Nigerian's could be defined as a typical Western mafia for what concerns the search for power, both economic and political. I speak of Western mafia because, it's to be clear that Mafia is not an Italian invention, even if we, being a tiptop mixture of people, we managed to excel even in this unflattering field.
The British colonialism, driven by the geographical discoveries that preceded and allowed the development of the first industrial revolution, had also taken care of Africa, albeit in good company, of Holland, Portugal and France, occupying what we know today as Nigeria and unifying it under its own flag, using violence against heterogeneous populations who have always been at war with each other. Obviously, the English crown laid its eyes on the territories from where, through the sea ports (they had not yet discovered the oil in the delta of the river Niger), they could realize that commercial triangulation Europe-Africa-Americas that, in addition to the goods, had found very advantageous resort on the slave trade.
As in the best Anglo-Saxon tradition, there was a protectorate that supervised power through the mediation of highly controlled indigenous governments. This process of mediation has represented the ruin of Nigeria as it has developed over time a ruling class prone to its owner and not at all interested, under penalty of the loss of privileges granted, to the development of their country also in consideration of the fact that no Nigerian recognised and recognises Nigeria as such, but is inclined to identify itself with its ethnicity and area of origin.
The power exercised pro-domo proper of this class of local vassals of the English crown - now more properly by the large oil companies -, not giving way to society to progress in a cohesive manner, has meant that Nigeria, a country used to trade and rich raw materials, especially oil, became one of the poorest countries in the world per capita and the most corrupt. Add to this the fact that there is a strong division between a poor North and of predominantly Islamic faith and a rich South and of Christian faith and this makes the general situation even more explosive.
Taking this premise into account, let us now consider the two predominant aspects of Nigerian society, which represent its real driving force: witchcraft and cultism.
Witchcraft, ancestral force of liberation from sin and also exorcising power from the dangers of everyday life, is rooted in the feeling of self of any Nigerian, while cultism, which on this premise has drawn its lifeblood, reaches its climax in the sixties. in an elitist university environment, claiming the power of the black entity.
The cultist confraternities, however, will soon become quite different, will become mafia-type organization, exerting a strong power of subjugation, deriving from the strength of the associative bond, on its members and populations, above all in the south of Nigeria, richer as mentioned which housed the colonial structures and which had experienced the pervasive influence of the English Protestant religion. In this way the syncretic amalgamation of ancestral animistic beliefs and spurious religious practices was realized which, while keeping a canonical garment, preserved that something ancestral to which the Nigerians had no intention of renouncing, so strong and innate was the supernatural imprint of some practices.
Finally we must add two other factors: the change in the Eighties of the routes of the cocaine trade to Europe and Asia, as well as the exponential demographic growth of a population already today around 300 million people.
To summarize: a country that is economically poor and hardly governable in the given conditions and therefore unstable, the violence spread and conveyed by ancestral rites still rooted in popular belief, a demographic explosion that must find a natural outburst, the opportunity to make money with the drug trafficking caused by the closure of the old cocaine trade routes from the Andean countries that found a new Eden in Nigeria and in the entire western part of Africa in which to store the huge amounts of drugs waiting to be transferred to European markets .
Therefor, with these premises and prerogatives it was natural that the Nigerian diaspora since the eighties was directed towards the countries of rich Europe, Italy in the first place, and it was equally natural that the criminal organizations, having the same characteristics as the mafia type to us notes, proliferated throughout Europe as it actually happened.
The first that speaks of novelty or is naive, or has been in the last twenty years on the planet Vulcan with Spock, or is in bad faith."