martedì 29 settembre 2015

While our attention is understandably and rightly facing south and east, with particular attention to the contrast of terrorism and attempt to fight it, although belatedly, recognized as generational migration, Central America and Latin America continues its fight against organized crime now mistress of vast territories.
Well known is definitely the war that the Mexican government,  for more than a decade now, has undertaken against organizations of drug traffickers involved in the smuggling of the cocaine produced in the triangle Bolivia, Peru and Colombia; less known is what happens in Central America, a key area as a hub of trafficking northward towards continental and international markets of consumption.

Recently the Supreme Court of El Salvador stated that the two major criminal organizations, the gangs Mara Salvatrucha and Barrio 18, are terrorist organizations.
This new categorization is obviously very significant as it allows verification of the criminal responsibility of leaders, members, associate and "apologists". This step in the fight against organized crime in El Salvador is certainly dictated by the need for a further step forward in the fight against these criminal forms using tools even more effective.

Now, if on the one hand the aim is clearly to strengthen the repressive powers, recognizing organized crime as a power capable of undermining justice, the free coexistence of the population and its development, on the other hand he admits powerlessness of preventive and repressive policies implemented in decades. Not only that, authorities will be exposed to further criticism about  the use of repressive force well beyond the criteria generally tolerated in an international context, with particular reference to the extra-judicial activities. El Salvador is one of the most dangerous countries in the world with an incipient level of corruption, in the month of August were recorded over 500 murders linked to organized crime.

Salvadoran criminal organizations, most of the Mara Salvatrucha and Barrio 18 have established branches in North America and have long planned expansion in Europe by exploiting second and third generations of Spanish-speaking immigrants.

It is important to understand that the escalation of the global spread of virulent new forms of organized crime, increasingly international and transnational, directly affects the state power, national and supranational level, and must be contrasted with renewed determination.
Fighting these new criminal forms, exploded due to the phenomena of globalization, is an unavoidable imperative. It is clear then that our gaze to the east, if the case arise, must yield to forms of strabismus as organized crime and terrorism for a long time and will impact deeply on our communities.

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