This is the incipit of my new article for Tracking Terrorism
NEW ROUTES FROM AFGHANISTAN TO CENTRAL & NORTH AMERICA
THE WORLD MARKET FOR AFGHAN OPIATES
In June 2015, the United Nations Organization on Drugs and Crime (UNODC) published its Drug Annual Report outlining the recent development of the new Southern Route for trafficking opium, which signals the substantial deviation of the traffic of Afghan opiates. The well established Baltic Route (Afghanistan, Iran, Turkey and then the Baltic region) that served as the commercial highway to the European opiate market has succumbed to the international geopolitical situation in the Middle East so that the growing threat of terrorism has affected even the illicit drug trafficking system.
TWO ROUTES ENTER CENTRAL & NORTH AMERICA
This new route starting from Afghanistan reaches Pakistan and then proceeds by two routes to enter Central and North Africa before serving as a bridge to Europe and the US.
• through the North, both by sea or land, via the Persian Gulf and Middle East to Sudan, Chad ending in Nigeria and West Africa;
• through the South, by sea, to Kenya and Tanzania to the Republic of Congo, Chad and Nigeria ending in West Africa.
DRUG TRAFFICKING STIMULATES INSTABILITY