mercoledì 15 ottobre 2014

Insurgency as a geopolitical tool


The police cleared the streets of Hong Kong from the barricades and the city life returns to normality after the intervention of characters allegedly affiliated with the Chinese Triads.
Once again we have an example of how power, when it cannot resolve a problem of public order by conventional available means, willingly outsources the task to other forces, in this case, as also happens more and more frequently, the organized crime.
Today, however, I intend to highlight the role of the student movements as "third parties" that can lead to a profound alterations in the balance of a country life and in extreme cases, even at insurgency phenomena. The theme is hot; and in the contemporary world has assumed a privileged position in the agenda of international relations.
To deal with it is useful to  traces the key stages, in a brief summary, focused on the evolution of the insurgency.
The war in Vietnam is part of a more complex set of relationship within the so called Cold War between the USA and the USSR, and had, among other consequences, even to forge the first theoretical model of counterinsurgency denouncing the problem. The American armed forces were forced to rethink models in the theaters of war as called to fight a new kind of enemy: a deployment army trained in guerrilla warfare. So, it is from this period of history that take shape the studies of counterinsurgency which fell within the fold of the containment strategy and contrast the Soviet Union, Marxist-Leninist and Maoist China, the background of the policy of "Death by a thousand small cuts ".
This is an important step because the United States armed forces continue throughout the Cold War to chisel operational models of reaction onset having as a reference point the “red enemy”, Soviet and Chinese, cutting guidelines that, once the Wall came down, revealed to be inadequate.
Until then, the insurgents were considered revolutionary in the pure sense: "... an organized movement aimed at overthrowing a regime through armed confrontation ...". Over time, however, even this definition has undergone the right adaptations to new situations that American soldiers were facing especially in the Middle East and came to the most recent: "… organized and protracted struggle aimed to weaken the control and legitimacy of government forces in order to gain power or political force by increasing the power of the insurgent movement ... ".
Nowadays the insurgency, as a form of subversion of the status quo, has taken a leading role in international relations and balances because it represents the ideal tactical tool for those who need to make unstable any region of the planet. Create or support a form of insurgency allows to stick a thorn in the side even simultaneously to more than one enemy and, in consideration of specific local, weaken  involved countries in crisis situations that could take years. In addition it responds perfectly to the need to remove the perception of public opinion about the negative effects that a direct involvement on the ground would entail.
Returning to the opening news, as said, student movements can be manipulated in terms of destabilization as other subjects do such as those ethnics, confessional, or even criminal.
The contemporary multipolar world lives an a-symmetrical conflict, fought by non-conventional forces, certainly not as the armies of the twentieth century were; today in order to weaken any opponent is logical resort to the insurgency as internal waves to destabilize the power structures undermining the political power through the loss of consent and income in relation to the costs of counter insurgency.