Eight years have passed since 2006, when the then Mexican President Felipe Calderon launched a formal program to fight organized crime in order to eradicate the problem of drug trafficking in Mexico, with the aim of gain a soothing identity on the international scene.
However, the war for control of illicit trafficking and crime continues to claim innocent victims too.
Surely, when the initiative was set up the damages to the Mexican image were already big deep. The phenomenon of drug trafficking in Mexico has at least started since the Thirties of the last century, although the real surge in favor of Mexican drug traffickers has occurred with the end of the hegemony, in Colombia, of the Medellin and Cali cartels in the Eighties; circumstance that has allowed the Mexican drug traffickers to make a qualitative leap in the management of the flow of cocaine produced in Peru, Colombia and Bolivia, no longer as mere transporters, but directly as entrepreneurs in the traffic circuit. This led to a turf war for the management of the trafficking plazas and routes into the United States, Europe and the rest of the world, which to nowadays has done thousands of deaths among criminals and civilians; it is useless to show a figure due to the fact that in my opinion no one can reasonably estimate a precise one.
Today, after years in which the major criminal organizations have been fought and allied, because of the surrounding circumstances, resulting in bloody gang wars, we can photograph a situation by identifying seven key Mexican criminal organizations.
The strategy of the current presidential administration is based on the Roman concept of dividi et impera as well as the elimination of the vertices of each of the major criminal organizations relying on the disruptive effect it should ensure.
The primary need of the Mexican administration is undoubtedly to reduce the negative international impact that such a war produce just when the country is trying, through courageous economic and social reforms to become part of the international economic ghota.
In this context, any policy to tackle serious organized crime shall not be excluded a priori.