mercoledì 24 settembre 2014

The Islamic State: Insurgency and crime, the Networked Insurgency.

It is the right time to tackle a topic crucial for me to understand the synergy of interests between the international powers that alter the course of world events.
First of all, it should be understood that governments, all governments in this century, have less power than ever in fact others are actors and international factors that are able to assert themselves: the lobbies or centers of interest, however, not wanting to convey a priori negative meaning to this category.
Thus, in the contemporary scene, the theme should be added to the definition antithetical to institutional policy: the insurgency, that is the challenge for the most violent of the established power.
The outbreaks of revolt on the planet are hundreds, indeed we can certainly assert that where there is power, there is -in nuce- insurgency. This topic deserves, because of the social consequences that entails, careful thought and a lot of luck to deal with it; but few address the issue from a more and more important aspect is to say, the relationship that, with increasing frequency, the insurgency connections with organized crime, local and international.
So we have: centers of power-political-onset-crime. These are the actors playing their parts on the current geopolitical stage.
The first mistake often committed by superficiality, is the overlap of insurgency with terrorism; absolutely wrong. Terrorism is just a tactic of a more comprehensive strategy in which the insurgent may, if deemed appropriate and if it may pay,  use. We may assert that an insurgent is a revolutionary; one who wants to change the status quo and that to achieve this goal is often willing to make even agreements with the devil. And these agreements are made systematically and almost always with the same demon: the crime.
It is even logical that it happens because a revolutionary group have the necessity to quickly and effectively adopt a structure and available resources to invest in his project. Of course organized crime can easily furnish weapons, means and men to recruit, logistics facilities, and especially contacts and relationships. Today, wars are done in this way at a lower level compared to the tables of international diplomacy which often merely to take note, or at least to regulate, agreements made elsewhere. Insurgents and criminals shaking relationships, do business and build structure for the future. There are dozens examples in the past, and for anyone who wants to go into that topic I suggest an approach to the history of the Sicilian Separatist Movement on the Forties focusing on the agreement between the Sicilian mafia and the future political representatives of the nascent Italian Republic sealed by the murder of the bandit Salvatore Giuliano; the very first and only state-negotiation mafia that has always been under the eyes of all but only some evoke.
The Islamic State of Iraq and the Levant certainly took advantage of the interests of many international players who have used it both in anti-Iranian anti-Syrian strategy even in the knowledge that one day in the future it would present the bill. But in international politics you deal with a problem at a time, say it is short-sighted choice.
Here this is one of the aspects of crime, especially organized: offer its services with the double advantage acquiring immediately a new  customer and maybe a future political “friend”.

The Islamic State of Iraq and the Levant is nothing but the result of local and international interests that have generated an actor who is not at all out of control, on the contrary it plays exactly the role that has been assigned to: generate a situation of permanent global instability that has been stigmatized by the catholic Pope with the  expression World War III. I would rather speak of the First Permanent World War in which a new actor takes part and play a multi-purpose, multi-service and above all reliable and fundamental role: the organized crime.