venerdì 1 agosto 2014

Corruption: the ultimate evil.


I have been asked several times about the way to avoid the effects of organized crime activities both at national and transnational level. The only answer sounds logical for me is the implementation of two differences policy; the first is the education to honesty, the second is the construction of a transparent administrative environment in which corruption will have only physiological and not chronic level.
This is the very simple way to overthrow organized crime all around the world, even the more vicious one: the mafia type organization.

Lets  put an eye on this two recent news:
“…El primo del empresario chino, Zhenli Ye Gon fue condenado a 25 años de prisión por su responsabilidad penal en la comisión de los delitos de delincuencia organizada con la finalidad de cometer delitos contra la salud. A través de un boletín de prensa emitido por el Poder Judicial de la Federación, informó que Ye Yong Qing, recibió la sentencia luego de haberse encontrado pruebas que fue integrante de la organización delictiva comandada por su primo, auxiliaba en la fabricación de psicotrópicos en el edificio construido en Toluca, Estado de México, que era utilizado para esos fines. Las autoridades judiciales determinaron que sí fungió como socio en la constitución de una empresa con dinero de actividades ilícitas provenientes de la producción de los psicotrópicos denominados efedrina, pseudoefedrina, acetato de efedrina y N- acetilmetanfetamina, principios activos que se utilizan para la elaboración de drogas sintéticas…”  laverdadnoticias.com 

“…Operazione della Guardia di finanza in collaborazione con l'Ufficio antifrode dogane. La sostanza stupefacente era occultata in due container che trasportavano legname provenienti dal Cile…I finanzieri del Comando provinciale di Reggio Calabria, insieme a funzionari dell'Agenzia delle dogane-Ufficio antifrode di Gioia Tauro, hanno individuato e sequestrato nel porto di Gioia Tauro 85 chilogrammi di cocaina purissima. La sostanza stupefacente era occultata in due container che trasportavano legname provenienti dal Cile. L'operazione, coordinata dalla Procura della Repubblica di Palmi, è stata eseguita attraverso una serie di incroci documentali e successivi e controlli di container sospetti, anche con l'utilizzo di apparecchiature scanner. La cocaina sequestrata, con la vendita al dettaglio, avrebbe fruttato circa 17 milioni di euro. L'attività della Guardia di finanza, in sinergia con l'Agenzia delle dogane, si inserisce nell'ambito della più generale intensificazione delle attività di controllo volte al contrasto del traffico di sostanze stupefacenti nel porto di Gioia Tauro che ha portato, dall'inizio dell'anno, al complessivo sequestro di 945 chilogrammi di cocaina…” www.gazzettadelsud.it 
As you can simply infer we are talking about two of the more vicious transnational organized crime networks: Chinoise and Calabrian ‘ndrangheta. 
Both have established strong relationships all around the world and consequently the very fundamental question is how they did it, how it was possible, are they some kind of Spectre? No, simply both - as many other criminal organizations - can count on the capacity of corruption derived from the money they can offer in exchange of the illegal favor that public official can assure to make it possible, i.e. to pass the customs controls in ports or airports. 
Of course this example shows the simplest way to give only an idea on the modus operandi of organized crime. If there was no help by the corrupt officials it would have been very difficult for criminals to enter drugs in Mexico (news 1) or in Italy (news 2).
So  to summarize this first post on corruption it should take in account that corruption is one of the more important facilitators for organize crime at large. 
It is not a coincidence that in 2000 two Convention were adopted by the international community:
  • The United Nations Convention against Transnational Organized Crime, adopted by General Assembly resolution 55/25 of 15 November 2000, is the main international instrument in the fight against transnational organized crime, www.unodoc.org;
  • In its resolution 55/61 of 4 December 2000, the General Assembly recognized that an effective international legal instrument against corruption, independent of the United Nations Convention against Transnational Organized Crime (resolution 55/25, annex I) was desirable and decided to establish an ad hoc committee for the negotiation of such an instrument in Vienna at the headquarters of the United Nations Office on Drugs and Crime, www.unodoc.org.
Once convening on the danger posed to the development of countries by the organized crime, it was consequently logical to find the way to better tackle it and so establishing that the first important step should have been build an international legale framework to fight corruption.

This is a general idea about this fundamental matter on which I am paying my attention in order to understand the concrete way the corruption affect the society, helping - at the same time - the organized networks to gain power and influence.