lunedì 6 gennaio 2014

The Eurasian organized crime in Italy

In the continuous search of evolutive symptoms of the phenomena of organized crime should certainly be followed and understood the modus operandi of criminal organizations in that it tends to expand. This activity is relatively easy when it regards criminal organizations that have a culture similar to our own and that move within the same nation because, of course, the keys to comprehension are known and therefore of quick access to the interpretation of events.
Is quite another thing, especially in the early stages, the most important, to acquire the interpretative means of behaviors of criminal communities that comes from differents cultures and experiences unknown to us.
Today I'll take care of the Eurasian organized crime, term with which the academic world, but unfortunately not yet the police, categorize the crime that comes from the area that once encompassed the countries of the former USSR and its satellites, thanks to the opportunity of converse at a distance with Prof. Mark Galeotti, one of the most important worldwide scholar of the Russian-speaking criminal world, which recently posted on its blog-in Moscow's Shadows-a post titled: The other Greek tragedy readable at
This is the timely exposure of a series of facts and clarifying considerations, so for this important, of how Greece, in the last twenty years, has suffered and continues to suffer, the penetration of its territory and activity of the Russian mafia, in its broadest sense.
Regarding more closely my work of understanding the clues in Italy regarding the penetration of Eurasian criminal organizations, I will treat here, in particular the Georgian criminality that, as evidenced by Mark Galeotti, certainly occupies a level of absolute importance in delinquent Russian-speaking world. Starting immediately from the result of my studies, we can say that the presence of Georgian criminality that exists in Italy is certainly not negligible in terms of the crimes committed and reflects some common characteristics to those found by the work of Galeotti as regards the situation in Greece, and other, very important from the criminological point of view, certainly different.
The general situation related to the presence and activities of foreign and Italian organized crime in Italy can be summed up, for reasons of synthesis, clarifying that the criminal historical organization of the mafia-type, the Sicilian Mafia and the Camorra of Campania continue to exercise control over their territories of ancestral reference. The situation in Puglia, which is disrupted by objective cultural inconsistency, although criminal, of the Sacra Corona Unita, is pulviscular and fragmented with variegated criminal entities that are competing for individual portions of territory. A different speech certainly should be addressed in terms of the 'Ndrangheta in relation to criminal winning model that allows 'ndranghetist organizations today to be the true Italian criminal élite and, in many ways, worldwide. However, despite the strong temptation, here we postpone it deferring to future works on this fascinating subject from cultural and criminological point.
Returning to foreign criminal organizations, they act on the Italian territory occupying the empty spaces that the Italian ones, for various reasons, cannot or do not consider it useful to fill. Obviously should be pointed out that any relevant criminal activity on the part of foreign organizations must pay a pledge, under variegated forms at the Italian ones.
With this framework, we address the issue of Eurasian criminality in Italy.
Now the analysis of the information available on open sources, OSINT (Open Source Intelligence), integrates in a natural way the work of evaluation of indicators of a criminal type in order to catch as soon as possible, the evolution of any criminal phenomenon, known or unknown. This activity has allowed us to capture, in the recent past, a significant increase in burglary committed by Georgian citizens, evidence that it is certainly not escaped even the police who have completed several investigations against as many Georgian criminals cells acting in Lombardy, Piedmont and Lazio. The comparative reading of these police activities gives us a clear picture of how these organizations act in national and international level by resorting to the tactics of hit and run, like true predators scoring a few hits in rapid succession and then change a city, region or also the nation in order to circumvent any investigative effort.

However, there was one episode in particular that drew attention, also mediatic, on this criminal community in Italy: January 6, 2012, a Georgian citizen, TCHURADZE Revaz, was shot with a pistol in Bari.
These two data, the exponential increase of the crimes of theft committed by Georgian and this murder, led to the interest of the authorities towards this phenomenon by generating a series of investigations that, all in all in a short time, has allowed us to delineate the operational framework of the Georgian mafia in Italy.
The first emerged datum regards the predatory nature of illegal activities committed by Georgian criminality that, to date, represents a negligible threat to public order, but this is characterized by a costant pervasiveness and aggressiveness, reflecting situations of lawlessness already established in other European countries.
In recent times, in fact, the phenomenon has evolved more and more, in order to overcome the measures of prevention and counteraction of the police forces and, perhaps most importantly, in order to gain a stronger competitive compared to other ethnic matrix organizations, as recently the Moldavian one. Increases, the ability of aggregation of simple common criminals, organized by a leader, in order to create flexible and structured cells through the associative model for the creation of specific crimes
The research and its analytic study highlight two aspects related to the prevailing presence of citizens and criminals Georgian teams in Italy: a physiological presence of immigrants who hides the presence of a strategic nature of organized crime in Georgia.
The latter, in particular, acts on two levels:
- tactical, resorting to a crime of its social impact such as burglary,
- strategic, more dangerous and as part of a broader objective to build a network of relationships and logistics for future initiatives.
The analytical work on the information obtained, mainly from open sources and activities carried out by police forces, yet always in the light of personal experience gained in many years of activity in contrast to these forms of organized crime, it allows me to develop a scenario composite from which it can be assumed that the Georgian crime in our country, is likely to further evolution towards more complex and aggressive.
The strengths of this criminal phenomenon, at least at this stage are to identify:
- in the low profile of the crimes perpetrated;
- in the extreme mobility in the area;
- in the use of a time-tested model criminal;
- in the ethnic bond;
- in the lack of antagonism with the crime indigenous
They act as a safe opportunity for the realization of the criminal activity in question, the use of:
- Nannies, preferably clandestine (as easily blackmailed), to identify the objectives to be hit;
- Financial intermediation services (money transfer);
- The work done to the public by professionals in precious metals (Buy Gold), criminalistic indicator in relation to the use of the proceeds for the purpose of money laundering, wear and handling stolen goods.
This criminality is certainly included in the category "migrated mafia groups", recently defined by Anna Sergi and Anita Lavorgnas in the treatment "Types of organized crime" - available on the Web

 This category includes the offshoots of the mafia-type criminal organizations transplanted into territories other than those atavistic references, as is the case of the Georgian operating in Italy.
In essence, and in consideration of the elements available to date, this form of ethnic criminality while having the potential of branching in some areas of the country do not seem to have the intention, featuring our modus operandi for extreme mobility in the area not only Italian but also, and especially European, and in so doing to thwart the efforts of the Police Forces contrast, however, in my opinion, in the near future the evolution of the threat will depend largely from international factors specifically related to drug trafficking .
So, It could soon be realized a weld of interest between teams criminals Georgian, Albanian and Italian especially in the management of the flow of cocaine and heroin from countries of origin to the European consumer markets.
As is clear the analysis of these phenomena is never a mere intellectual exercise but rather, and especially in the contemporary, a necessary preparatory activity to an understanding than ever anticipated and profound of phenomena that are potentially intended to have an impact on the ordinate and peaceful civil society.
The Georgian criminality in Italy today represents for the police a secondary threat, but as of now to have clear the evolutionary dynamics helps to frame the phenomenon into perspective allowing the right choices depending on Crime.
The Georgian criminality in Italy today represents for the police a secondary threat, but as of now to have clear the evolutionary dynamics helps to frame the phenomenon into the right perspective allowing the right choices in a function anticrime.
Also in our country it reverberates with violent aftermaths like the murder of Tchuradze Revaz goes to show, the clash within the Georgian criminal community between the two clans of Tbilisi and Kutaisi to the dominance of the Caucasian component in the Russian criminal world.
This situation, as outlined by other similar facts, is also shared by other European countries such as Belgium, France, Spain,  Germany and of course, as reminds us of Mark Galeotti, Greece.
In this work, however, it was not possible, for obvious necessity of synthesis, discuss a topic of secure criminological and pragmatic interest from the investigative standpoint relative to the tools of contrast to those phenomena, as this of Georgian criminality which, while not having yet reached the threshold of criminal liability request for mafia-type associations (cfr. Sergi – Lavorgna) , however they are not and they do not act as mere criminal associations, presenting as of now some typical aspects of the mafia.
It is this gap that in essence is being exploited by some forms of organized crime in order to obtain the best result with the least risk to its affiliates.
In Italy, some judge has found a key to understanding
certainly shareable according to the writer that is use the aggravating due to the transnational dimension, as required by the UN Convention on Transnational Crime in Palermo, 2000, in charge of these organizations.

But this will be the subject of a forthcoming study.
My heartfelt thanks to the scholars mentioned by me.