lunedì 18 aprile 2011

Italy and maritime piracy.

(Part One)
On 8 February, in the Indian Ocean, the tanker Italian SAVINA CAYLYN, carrying a crew of five Italians and 17 Indians was captured by pirates. On this matter, the Italian Government has chosen and imposed silence warranted by the obvious course of ongoing negotiations with the pirates of mediators to resolve the crisis. The Italian government's official position was recently reiterated by the Minister for Relations with Parliament, Elio Vito, stating that "... the Italian Ministry of Foreign Affairs, together with members of the government is providing full cooperation to protect the crew ... ".
The updated situation at the beginning of this year is 18 ships seized worldwide, 15 of which caught off the eastern coast of Somalia, between the Arabian Sea and the Gulf of Aden. Only in this zone, 305 sailors were seized and March 31, Somali pirates held 596 prisoners, sailors and 28 ships. In the first 90 days of the pirates have killed seven crew members and injured 34 others.
The phenomenon of maritime piracy worldwide and especially of tortuga Somalia is rapidly increasing with an estimated total economic costs for the commercial players involved up to 16 billion dollars a year. A recent report by the International Maritime Bureau of the International Chamber of Commerce, published in the first quarter of 2011, recorded 142 attacks worldwide, a record mainly due to Somali pirates with 95 attacks and a growth rate of 35%.
In addition to signal 9 in Somalia attacks off the coast of Malaysia, 5 off the coast of Nigeria and the port of Lagos, 70 miles off the coast of Benin, two boats carrying 10 pirates boarded the cargo ship carrying Italian Alessandra Bottiglieri countrymen 6 and 16 Indians.
The high-risk area for attacks in the light of experience, is the area between the Suez Canal to the north, 10 ° S and 78 ° E.
These coordinates are recognized worldwide as demarcating the area of ​​greatest risk of attack by pirates.
In an attempt to address this phenomenon was significantly increased presence of international naval forces in the Gulf of Aden by identifying and advising owners to secure a transit corridor that has greatly reduced piracy attacks in that area.
Internationally, the crime of piracy is crystallized in the UN were forced to leave the Gulf of Aden in the Arabian Sea.
The act of piracy is qualified and provided by the United Nations Convention of 1982 in Articles 100 and following (which replicate, except for some variants, Articles 14 and following of the Geneva Convention of 1958).
Under Article 101 of the Convention defines piracy: all acts of violence and unlawful detention every depredation committed by the crew or the passengers of a ship or a private aircraft, for personal use, and damage:
a) at sea, another ship, aircraft, or persons or property on board of them;
b) in places not under the jurisdiction of a State of a ship or aircraft, or persons or property, in addition, the voluntary use of a ship or aircraft, carried out with full knowledge of the facts that give this ship or aircraft that the attribute of pirate and again, and instigation of acts defined in paragraphs 1 and 2 as well as the intentional facilitation of the same.
In order to cope with an organic and strategic problem of maritime piracy have set up a Contact Group on piracy off the coast of Somalia in its compliance with Security Council Resolution 1851/2009 of the United Nations.