lunedì 28 marzo 2011

The Russian Federation and European organized crime.


Usually we tend to address the threats that we hear from the outside to bring our social order. In this occasion, however, I tried with these lines to provide a concise but comprehensive and clear as possible about the objective perception of the impact that criminal organizations in Europe have on Russian society.
The theoretical reference on which I rely has a highly criminological and refers to organized crime from the European Union as a transnational phenomenon; crystallized concept art. 3 of the UN Convention on Transnational Organised Crime, Palermo 2000 (signed and ratified by the Russian Federation).
A crime is transnational in nature if committed:
  • in more than one State;
  • in one State but a substantial part of its preparation, planning    and control takes place in another State;
  • in one State but with the participation of an organized criminal group
  • carrying out criminal activities in more than one state or,
  • in a State in its aftermath have substantial effects in another State.
The concept of trans-nationality, summoned by the UN Convention, has as a cornerstone of the correlation lag between legal and geopolitical space, structured and organized physically within the borders of a sovereign state.
Transnational crime, as on the other hand, the other models of deviant behavior, there has always been as widespread penetration of criminals and their associations across national boundaries within the natural processes of migration. The true motivations of these criminals migration can be attributed to some specific advantages such as to escape punishment, take advantage of the differences between laws in various social fields and to respond to the demand for illicit goods and services. With globalization, all these factors have undergone substantial growth.
Organised crime groups originating from the European Union directly active in the Russian territory or in its effects reverberate it engaging for the most part, the following crimes:
- Trafficking in drugs;
- Trafficking in human beings;
- Trafficking in pornographic material relating to children;
- Recycling;
- Arms trafficking;
- Corruption;
- Distribution of counterfeit goods;
- Trafficking in parts.
However, it seems to worry the authorities of the Russian Federation is the threat posed by corruption of its public officials, particularly police and customs, by the European criminal organizations in order to obtain benefits and coverage for the conduct of its business in Russian. These criminal organizations look to the future, be interested in producing various types of fraud that allow a higher profit compared to a relative, if any, penalty. This development is put in direct correlation with the increase in EU member states and to the relative expansion of the single economic space which corresponds to an increase in national borders, so the potential threat.