venerdì 18 febbraio 2011

The post-colonial policy in Africa.

Gamal Abdel Nasser in 1952, has dragged Egypt wresting control of the government to the Egyptian king and the British Empire. He wrote: "... the revolution marked the realization of a great hope felt by the people of Egypt since it began in modern times, to think of self-determination for their future ...." Nearly 50 years later, however, the Egyptians still struggle to determine their own future. And now, with President Hosni Mubarak laid the aspirations of the people once again are in the hands of the military.
 Mubarak was 24 years old when Nasser came to power, belonged to a generation of leaders is being formed which, like Nasser, he conceived of nationalism as a necessary and use the army needed to ensure national unity at the expense of civil liberties. Mubarak, then conceived a nationalist ideology that brooked no debate Democratic obsolete and has been trapped in a worldview which opposes the change. For Mubarak, the time had stopped.
Similarly, the Egyptian government and xenophobic propaganda presented as a component of the protesters led by a foreigner, almost neo-colonial with the intent to set aside the nation.
Other leaders in the Middle East, but not exclusively, suffer from this syndrome and, as a result they are unable to keep up with younger populations and their demands for reform. They suffer from what can be called a postcolonial disorder that authoritarianism is the only cure for internal or external political problems. They have an inability to think outside the Manichean logic of totalitarian state power.
They argue that their power has provided a shield the people from the dangers of a neo-colonial world.
Now that the time clock struck Mubarak in Egypt and other countries in the region are vulnerable to revolution.
The year 1960 marks one of the key moments in the process of decolonization, four years after Nasser's nationalization of the Suez Canal, British Prime Minister Harold Macmillan, in a memorable speech to the Parliament of South Africa in Cape Town, said that Britain was prepared to accept the loss of its African colonies thereby triggering a wave of decolonization.
Today, the entire Middle East could blow another wind of change.
decades of mistrust. From all the evidence so far, the Egyptian activists appear well positioned to track progress towards reform of the military.