sabato 19 febbraio 2011

The new geopolitical paradigm for understanding the global crime.

he new geopolitical paradigm for understanding the global crime.
Antonio De Bonis

Crime is a human phenomenon and as such constantly changing. In recent years it has evolved out of the landmark location within the ancestral territories of reference to become a phenomenon across to them. To understand and deal effectively with this new threat is necessary to create a new intellectual approach.

The geopolitical approach is now essential to understand the breadth and depth of the damage they inflict on the criminal realities to the peoples and territories in which proliferate.

In the post-Iron Curtain-the crime, being more free to act, can influence new territories through its own military force, political and financial. These powers allow the emergence of a disturbing phenomenon for the pervasiveness of its social fabric: resilience. This term comes from the Latin verb termination (king and Salio) which means bouncing but also, figuratively, not be influenced by something that is perceived as negative.

The concept of resilience, born and developed in the United States also conveys the idea of flexibility, vitality and energy. It is a process, a set of phenomena by which the subject is introduced and remains in a given context. Resilience is not acquired once and for all, but a way to go through the development of conflict situations that can, nevertheless, to continue its path.

The resources and previous experience and acquired permit to react to external stimuli are perceived as a threat. Resilience, therefore, is not a quality person but become a part of that development in a context in which imprints its presence.

They are, therefore, evolution and the historicizing of the subject to be resilient, more than the story itself.

The resilience of both outcome-and process-assumes the existence of risk factors that are present at every system level variables and its adaptation.

Criminal organizations thicker in the world now represent a historical constant, the Yakuza, the Triads, the Turkish Mafia, the Sicilian Mafia and now the 'Ndrangheta. Despite the commitment of governments, often touted that the concrete, none of these mafia-type associations, historically active on the planet was annihilated.

According to article 416 bis of the Italian penal code is an association of mafia type when''those who are part of use of force to intimidate the associative bond and the condition of subjection and conspiracy of silence that comes to commit crimes, get directly or indirectly or otherwise control the management of economic activities, licensing, contracts and public services or to achieve profits or unfair advantage for themselves or others or to prevent or impede the free exercise of voting or procuring votes for themselves or others at elections.''

The international perception of the phenomenon, however, is still poor. For example, support and international recognition of Kosovo as an independent state, territorial entity heavily penetrated by organized crime, testified that the mafias are considered marginal and negligible compared to economic and geostrategic issues. Organized crime is physiological to any social structure varies in intensity only in consideration of the compromise that was negotiated from time to time, tacitly or even openly.

In our country, in the case is still open debate about an alleged deal that the State through its officials would be conducted with the indigenous Sicilian Cosa Nostra criminal organization, in order to end the season stragista 1993.

Recently Guzman Jorge Casteneda, former Minister of Foreign Affairs of Mexico, said that the current policy of open war on Mexican drug traffickers is doomed to failure and that they should reach an agreement.