lunedì 28 febbraio 2011

The culture of corruption.

antonio de bonis
The Attorney General of the Court of Auditors, Mario Ristuccia, during the recent inauguration of the judicial year has defined the Italian society as addicted to the phenomenon of corruption. This declaration, made in the presence of all the highest offices of state, should take the value of a strong complaint to a state of affairs no longer be tolerated.
The data on corruption in 2010 in Italy reported an increase of 30.22% of corruptive crimes compared to 2009, the Attorney General has repeatedly stated that corruption and fraud are pathologies that "... continue to plague the government ..." adding that "... the data do not allow for optimism in this regard ...". The latter also analyzed in the light of those from the databases of the police record that "... a reduction in complaints marchevole ..." naturally leads to the "... crucial to the phenomenon of addiction a real culture of corruption ...."
Also adds that the Attorney General of the Court of Auditors has also been expressed about the draft law on wiretapping: "does not appear to be directed to a real fight against corruption" and stressed that the interceptions are "... one of the most important tools Investigative used for other purposes .... "
The Court of Auditors has also questioned whether the fiscal federalism will or will not help in fighting corruption. The President of the Court, Louis Giampaolino, already last October 19, during his inauguration ceremony, denounced that "... corruption and dissipation of public resources, including community, persist and public concern, but also the institutions, whose prestige and reliability are put to the test carried out by individual ... reprehensible. " Reflections and hence the concern is fiscal federalism or whether the decentralization of public expenditure can make a more direct relationship between decisions and results or, conversely, "... have the effect of increased corruption ..."
And finally, what about the definitions of "endemic corruption ... ..." according to the analysis and the words of Ronald Spogli, a former U.S. ambassador to Rome, as revealed by the cablegrams WikiLeaks published by L'Espresso?
The concept of corruption in Italian law is due to several criminal cases, which are regulated in the Penal Code. These criminal cases have in common some elements: the crimes of its own public official, the agreement with the private sector, the giving of money or other benefits. Corruption is a general category within which they subsume the following offenses: Corruption for an official act, a Corruption to act contrary to the duties of office, corruption in judicial acts and Bribery of a public service.
From the perspective of organized crime, corruption limits the use of physical elimination because it is easier and less risky to buy policemen, officials, judges, parliamentarians and journalists to get to be able to constrain the state power. Once you reach this level of social penetration, organized crime not only affects the legal protection of public goods and free competition, but above all attentive to the democratic system itself became subversive.
In this area residents concerns related to the decentralization of public expenditure. The power to influence, especially in some areas of the country, organized crime could be significantly increased given the opportunity to unlawfully penetrate the administrative structures by the method typically mob intimidation to corrupt.
In summary, we have a steadily increasing trend of corruption to which are added restrictive laws on wiretapping, typical investigative tool, and a restructuring of the power of public spending in the federal and then local.
With these assumptions, one can only arrive at a prediction hardly reassuring: that part of the country that already suffers dell'endemica and suffocating presence of organized crime in the future will be seeing even more disadvantaged in acquiring further opportunities for development, while the healthy part of the country , or rather less affected by this phenomenon will become a breeding ground for crime more enterprising.